Does Board Diversity Matter for the Quality of CSR Disclosure? Evidence from the Financial Sector of Pakistan

Ismail Khan, Iftikhar Khan, Muhammad Asim Afridi


Purpose – This study aims to examine the influence of board diversity on the quality of CSR disclosure (QCSR) and propose that this relationship is patterned differently in different contexts and nations, due to their distinctive characteristics. 


Design/methodology/approach – The  resource-based view (RBV) theory is used to evaluate the hypothesized relationship through an empirical investigation of 64 Pakistani financial firms, by applying a random-effects regression and the generalized method of moments (GMM).] 


Findings – The findings indicate that age, gender, educational level, and educational background diversities positively influence QCSR disclosure. However, nationality, ethnic, and tenure diversities have no significant relationship with QCSR disclosure. The results were further checked by a robust regression and sensitivity analysis.  


Originality/value – Using RBV theory, this paper provides an additional contribution concerning the role played by board diversity in a firm's strategic performance, particularly CSR disclosure. The article contributes to the literature by finding that there is no unanimous rule for board diversity supporting CSR, due to the unique characteristics of different jurisdictions and institutional contexts.  


Corporate Governance; Board Diversity; Quality of CSR Disclosure; Resource-Based View (RBV) Theory.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Av. da Liberdade, 532 - São Paulo - SP Brasil Cep. 01502-001 Tel. 55 11 3272-2340
 The RBGN adopts the Creative Commons licens CC-BY Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 

The RBGN has the financial support from Fundação Escola de Comércio Álvares Penteado - FECAP and development agencies Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico - CNPq and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior – CAPES.

Desenvolvido por:

Logomarca da Lepidus Tecnologia