Female Entrepreneurship as Subject of Research

Almiralva Ferraz Gomes, Weslei Gusmão Piau Santana, Uajará Pessoa Araújo, Caroline Miriã Fontes Martins

Abstract


This paper’s main goal is to study the literature
produced about “female entrepreneurship”, so as to
scrutinize and deepen scientific reasoning referring
to women entrepreneurs whilst investigating the
degree of theoretical consolidation this field of
knowledge has achieved. To this end, and from a
critical perspective, we assessed research published
in Brazilian and international journals from 1970
on, so as to offer a systematic review of the object in
focus. Despite the contributions given by previous
research – which does, after all, provide us with
relevant information and data concerning women
entrepreneurs –, most of it merely describes small
segments of the female entrepreneur population,
and does not advance in applying or developing
theories. Moreover, in most cases, research was
quantitative and empirical and attempted to draw
a “profile” of women entrepreneurs. Few studies
specifically carried out a theoretical analysis on the
topic “gender”. Apparently, the main concern of
many of these studies was to focus on the sexual
structure of organizations and on its impact upon
business activities. Thus, it seems appropriate
to use new points-of-view to study the “female
entrepreneurship” phenomenon – or, at least, to
establish new ideas for investigation.


Keywords


Entrepreneurship. Gender. Women entrepreneur.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.7819/rbgn.v16i51.1508

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