Test of a safety culture model from a management perspective

André Job, Isabel Silva, Tânia Moreira


Purpose – The importance of developing theoretical models and their
empirical validation, capable of explaining safety performance within
organizations, has been pointed out by the scientific community.
Fernández-Muñiz, Montes-Peón, and Vazquez-Ordáz (2007) proposed
a model that integrates dimensions considered as determinants of
safety culture to explain safety performance, which was tested with
Occupational Health and Safety technicians of Spanish companies.
This study aims to verify if that theoretical model obtains empirical
support in the Portuguese context, considering the supervisors’
perspective. In addition, it also aims to contribute to the adaptation
of the measurement instrument, which allowed for the empirical test
of the model in the Portuguese context.
Design/methodology/approach – The study conducted is quantitative
with a cross-sectional study design. In total, 174 supervisors at different
levels of supervision, in different Portuguese companies from different
activity sectors, participated in the study. Data were gathered through
the Portuguese version of the instrument developed by the authors of
the model (Fernández-Muñiz et al., 2007).
Findings – The results partially confirm the proposed model wherein
supervisors play a determinant role in the development of safety culture
and thus in the safety performance of organizations.
Originality/value – This study addresses one of the demands present
in the literature, having empirically tested a model that aims to explain
the safety performance of organizations, expanding its application to
the management perspective and to a different national context. The
results emphasize the role supervisors may play in the development of
safer organizations.


safety culture, occupational safety, safety performance, supervisors, theoretical model

DOI: https://doi.org/10.7819/rbgn.v0i0.4045

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